Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928km2 (358sqmi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457m (4,780ft).
The name comes from Persian and means "the lions", although it is most likely to be an adaptation of the former Greek name of Cheriana (Χερίανα) adopted after the Turkish settlement in the region after and possibly even slightly before the Battle of Manzikert.
Many of the northern villages of the district was home to minority populations of Pontic Greeks until the 1922 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, constituting the southern fringes of that community's extension. Some among the present population can also trace their roots to Greeks who had converted to Islam until as late as the end of the 19th century, as indicated by the Ottoman census and changed village names (for example, the present village of "Evren" was formerly called "Sefker").
Recent archaeological research has pushed back the date of the known origin of wine making in Persia far beyond that which writers earlier in the 20th century had envisaged. Excavations at the Godin Tepe site in the Zagros mountains (Badler, 1995; McGovern and Michel, 1995; McGovern, 2003), have revealed pottery vessels dating from c. 3100–2900 BC containing tartaric acid, almost certainly indicating the former presence of wine. Even earlier evidence was found at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, also in the Zagros mountains. Here, McGovern et al. (1996) used chemical analyses of the residue of a Neolithic jar dating from as early as 5400–5000 BC to indicate high levels of tartaric acid, again suggesting that the fluid contained therein had been made from grapes.
As book of Immortal Land Persian:سرزمین جاوید or Sar Zamin e Javid] (by Zabihollah Mansoori) says Ramian wines were world-famous in the Parthian Empire. Ramian Wine is now a California wine brand but Shiraz wines are famous across the globe.
He Feng, who took gold in the 70-kilogram final by beating former Asian Games gold medalist Mohsen Mohammadseifi of Iran, was trailing in the first round and credited his coaches for helping him adjust ... “I always tell myself not to give up, persistence is victory.” ... ESPORTS ... It joins other “mind games” like bridge and chess ... SHOOTING ... AP sports ... ....
The finance ministers of Iran and Egypt have agreed to set up a committee for the implementation of joint projects ... Khandouzi said Iran is determined to expand relations with the neighboring and regional countries ... “The capital of Iran-Egypt bank will be increased soon.” ... Iran joined the AIIB in January 2017.
The Saudis are also seeking a defense pact with the United States and want help in building their own civilian nuclear program, which has fueled fears of an arms race with Iran... He famously held up a picture of a cartoon bomb in 2012 to illustrate Iran's advancing uranium enrichment ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit.
On Iran, Prince Mohammed said the recent normalisation of ties with the historic foe were an important move away from long-time tension ... On China, Prince Mohammed credited Beijing for its role in fostering the rapprochement with Iran and said PresidentXi Jinping is "trying to do the best for China".
in a swap with Iran flew out of Tehran on Monday, officials said, part of a deal that saw nearly $6 billion in Iranian assets unfrozen ... and Iran, which are locked in various disputes, including over Tehran's nuclear program. Iran says the program is peaceful, but it now enriches uranium closer than ever to weapons-grade levels ... Iran and the U.S.
MEXICOCITY (AP) — Mexico’s president on Monday defended the participation of a contingent of Russian soldiers in a military parade over the weekend ...Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Five Americans detained in Iran walk free, released in deal for frozen.
Erdogan, who is in the U.S. to attend the U.N ...The statement said Erdogan told Musk that Turkey would welcome cooperation on artificial intelligence and Starlink, SpaceX’s satellite internet service ...Credit. AP. Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Credit ... Iran-US prisoner swap likely set in motion as $6 billion of once-frozen Iranian assets ... Credit.
Jenni Hermoso, who was kissed on the lips by former federation president Luis Rubiales, was not selected ... “We are all with Jenni and with all of the players,” Tomé said ... 26 ... ___. AP soccer ... Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit. AP. Credit ... Credit ... Five Americans detained in Iran walk free, released in deal for frozen.