Şiran, also Karaca, is a town and district of Gümüşhane Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is one of the points of passage between Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey, in the sense that the western road departing from Erzincan towards the Zigana Pass (the key pass between the two geographies) has its last urban stop in Şiran. According to the 2010 census, population of the district is 17,600 of which 8,207 live in the town of Şiran. The district covers an area of 928km2 (358sqmi), and the town lies at an elevation of 1,457m (4,780ft).
The name comes from Persian and means "the lions", although it is most likely to be an adaptation of the former Greek name of Cheriana (Χερίανα) adopted after the Turkish settlement in the region after and possibly even slightly before the Battle of Manzikert.
Many of the northern villages of the district was home to minority populations of Pontic Greeks until the 1922 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, constituting the southern fringes of that community's extension. Some among the present population can also trace their roots to Greeks who had converted to Islam until as late as the end of the 19th century, as indicated by the Ottoman census and changed village names (for example, the present village of "Evren" was formerly called "Sefker").
Recent archaeological research has pushed back the date of the known origin of wine making in Persia far beyond that which writers earlier in the 20th century had envisaged. Excavations at the Godin Tepe site in the Zagros mountains (Badler, 1995; McGovern and Michel, 1995; McGovern, 2003), have revealed pottery vessels dating from c. 3100–2900 BC containing tartaric acid, almost certainly indicating the former presence of wine. Even earlier evidence was found at the site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, also in the Zagros mountains. Here, McGovern et al. (1996) used chemical analyses of the residue of a Neolithic jar dating from as early as 5400–5000 BC to indicate high levels of tartaric acid, again suggesting that the fluid contained therein had been made from grapes.
As book of Immortal Land Persian:سرزمین جاوید or Sar Zamin e Javid] (by Zabihollah Mansoori) says Ramian wines were world-famous in the Parthian Empire. Ramian Wine is now a California wine brand but Shiraz wines are famous across the globe.
The Treasury and Energy departments on Friday proposed rules that would establish which electric vehicles will qualify for tax credits under new thresholds aimed to limit battery ingredients that are made in or sourced from adversaries like China...Biden administration officials said the tax credit has been key for boosting electric vehicle adoption.
Iran hopes to send an astronaut into space in the next five to six years. Iran aims to launch astronauts into space using domestically developed technology by the end of 2029, Iranian CommunicationMinister Eisa Zarepour stated in a post on the Iranian Virasty social media site on Sunday ... (credit.
“I strongly condemn the outrageous and unlawful attacks on ships by Iran backed Houthi militants ... “We also have every reason to believe that these attacks, while launched by the Houthis in Yemen, are fully enabled by Iran.” ... Credit ... “As we’ve previously said, Iran has long provided ...
USS Carney is an Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer that has been shooting down drones and cruise missiles in recent weeks launched by Iran-backed Houthi rebels, who claimed credit for Sunday’s attack ... .
During Trump’s presidency, he falsely took credit for the Choice law more than 150 times ...China’s oil purchases from Iran under Trump ... Mark Milley, who was chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff at the time, told reporters that he believed Iran’s intent was to kill; he credited “the defensive techniques that our forces used” for the absence of deaths.
We received the answer last Tuesday ... Now, I have one more question. What will happen once the arrangement expires? ... • 08/17/23 The US is negotiating with Iran to release prisoners ... • 03/20/23 China gets the credit for improving Iran-Saudi Arabia ties --- but the US benefits ... • 09/22/22 Is there still hope for a new Iran nuclear deal?.
So I think there's still time to show what you can do ... Dempsey gave Berhalter credit for a 'great job' getting out of a group comprised of England, Wales and Iran in Qatar, but admitted that he was uniquely impressed with the team's performance under ex-interim coach (and current assistant) BJ Callaghan in the CONCACAFNationsLeague ... .
Iran's President Ebrahim Raeisi says as an accomplice in the Israeli... Noting that Americans are accomplice in "the Zionist regime's horrendous crimes and massacre of the oppressed people of Gaza," Iran's president said the US has no credit in the public opinion of nations ... Iran.
While US PresidentJoe Biden is trying to take credit of hostage release from the captivity of Iran-Qatar funded Hamas, according to latest information, the Gaza-based terrorist outfit has not released even a single American hostage from its captivity.
Biden hails release of 4-year-old American — and says he’s optimistic cease-fire could grow. Netanyahu visits troops in Gaza, tours terror tunnels. ‘We will continue until the end’. 3 top Palestinian college students shot while walking to dinner in alleged bias attack ... 26. U.S ... Since the Oct ... Iran did not claim credit for that assault.